Military Cross EIIR Miniature
The miniature Military Cross awarded across all ranks of the RN, RM, Army, and RAF in recognition of exemplary gallantry during active operations against the enemy on land. A silver bar ornamented by the Crown may be issued to MC holders performing a further act of such gallantry which would have merited award of the MC. Instituted in 1914, the Military Cross was issued for gallantry in presence of the enemy to warrant and junior officers of the Army who were ineligible (on account of their rank) for the Distinguished Service Order. During World War 1 it was also available to equivalent ranks in the Royal Naval Division and Royal Marines (RM) and it later became available to equivalent ranks in the RAF for acts of gallantry on land.
The equivalent award for the other ranks for gallantry on land in presence of the enemy was the Military Medal which was instituted in 1916 and, like the MC, later became available to RAF other ranks serving on the ground.
Following the 1993 review the MM was discontinued and the MC became available to all ranks of all services for exemplary gallantry on land in presence of the enemy. It is at a level below the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross and is at the equivalent level to the Distinguished Service Cross (for exemplary gallantry at sea) and the Distinguished Flying Cross (for exemplary gallantry in the air).